America’s Roadside Evangelist

Prepare to meet Henry Harrison Mayes

I first spotted the strange cement marker with the message JESUS ​​IS COMING SOON 2018 in Conway, Arkansas. Painted purple, its oddly geometric typography highlighted in yellow, it stood beside a highway garage and exhorted passers-by to give account to God.

Arkansas is known for its high density of churches, so religion is omnipresent and if you drive out of Conway, then there is one church next to the other. So the message on the side of the road is not really surprising and yet it looked like a strange plant from another time.

On closer inspection one could see the rough cement and weathering, but no sign of its origin.

Erect in Algeria 1990-5 was the instruction on the side – Erect in Algeria 1990-1995 . I had no idea what to do with it and dismissed it as one of the Southern proselytizing styles. A strange cement marker between advertising and folk art.

Two years later I was scrolling on Facebook over a collection of photos dealing with American folk art (the translation into folk art doesn’t seem appropriate to me) and that’s when I saw the cement marker again – not just one, a collection, and a face, and a name.

My online research quickly turned up some results on the man’s history, his work, and photos of markers still in existence, mostly in Kentucky, Tennessee, and North Carolina. Newer photos often came from people like me who graze the southern US for its strange peculiarities and then either write about it in a blog or create YouTube videos or otherwise leave some trace. God bless them , as we would say here in the Ore Mountains. 🙂

It seems to me that in 2022 I will be in the 3rd generation of those obsessed with Mayes work, or rather his obsession, and want to find out everything. Many blog posts about Mayes marker discoveries date back to 2010, and luckily that was a time when people ran their own websites and commented on each other’s posts. Thus it was possible to understand one or the other sighting in the comments and even to verify it via Google Maps.

So here is Henry Harrison Mayer’s story and a list of all markers known (to me).

Meet Henry Harrison Mayes From Middleborro, Kentucky

Henry Harrison Mayes was born in Fork Ridge, TN in 1897 to parents Malinda and Lewis “Ed” Mayes.

At age 15, like everyone else in the region, Mayes began working in the coal mines. He actually wanted to be a preacher, but he didn’t have enough education and he had to support his family.

At the same time, he began to write short messages from the Bible on signs and pin them to lanterns, or he painted rocks and stones.

From the first interviews in the mid-1940s it is not yet clear how he came to preach in this special way. In later articles, the origin of his obsession with literally setting his faith in cement and an exhortation for others to embrace the faith is traced to another cause.

At the age of 19, Mayes had a serious accident in the coal mines. He was pinned against the wall of the trolley by a trolley and suffered injuries so severe that his loved ones were told he would not survive the night. He, on the other hand, prayed and promised the Lord God that he would do everything possible to convert as many people as possible to the faith. And obviously God let himself in on it, since he probably saw in Mayes a dedicated and gifted Christian.

Brothers in Spirit

There are many revival stories like this one. Rev. Howard Finster “Man of Visions” of Georgia 1 , one of America’s most well-known folk artists, continued to work on expanding his Paradise Garden after having visions. Ed Stilley 2 from Arkansas who had a heart attack while working in the fields and had a vision of God wanting to heal him if Ed promised to make instruments for children. Or Brother Claude Ely 3 , who at the age of 12 on his death bed performed the now well-known gospel song “Ain’t No Grave Gonna Hold My Body Down” as an answer to the answered prayers.

After making the pact with God, Mayes tried his hand at preaching, but couldn’t really travel with anyone. Even as a gospel singer he didn’t hit the right note, so he did what he did best and painted messages on signs.

Harrison Mayes became God’s marketing department, putting up over 1,600 wood or cardboard signs on highways in 25 states by the mid-1940’s.

He did this job on the side throughout his life and financed everything with donations that he was able to collect here and there. He also earned money as a sign painter for soft drink companies, which on the one hand gave him the opportunity to deepen his craft and to fill the coffers for his vocation.

Outer Space, Earth, Human

Maye’s drive to spread God’s Word like a soft drink literally knew no bounds. Especially not in quantity. He placed a 10 meter long lettering V(ictory) In God on his Fork Ridge property for aircraft to see. He did the same thing near airports. Travelers, whether by car, plane or even train, should prepare to meet their Maker (PREPARE TO MEET GOD) – no more and no less.

When Mayes moved with his family to nearby Middlesborro, he laid out his house in the shape of a cross, which held the message “JESUS ​​SAVES” ready for people flying over. He calls his house “Air Castle” and is decorated with the initials PAE on the gable, the meaning of which Mayes kept secret during his lifetime.

The first cement crosses

Eventually, however, the expense of repairing or replacing the weather-exposed signs became too great, and so around 1945 Mayes decided to cast cement markers, anticipating that they would definitely still be standing after his death.

“The concret will be standing after I’m dead and gone”4

As a design, he chose the classic cross, with a very unique geometric typography, which was probably due to the production of the shape, and a heart-shaped marker.

He cast the markers on the lot behind the house and when he had enough together, he hired acquaintances with a flatbed truck to drive him in all directions across the USA and set up the markers on highways within sight with him. Mayes himself did not have a driver’s license and was therefore always dependent on others. Furthermore, they could only deploy 2 of the markers at a time. The erection itself was probably done in 5 minutes after the hole was dug.

Conflicts with the authorities

Of course, Mayes got into trouble with the Highway Code, property owners, and others who weren’t so kind to him. Of course he broke the law, but Mayes’s belief that “ask for permission doesn’t get you very far” was the way he was able to set up hundreds of markers that still exist today, nearly 40 years after his death. He ignores letters with requests to remove the signs or fees for removing the signs. No one has collected the fees yet and the processors just do as they are told, he bears no grudges.

Sometimes he would also leave a card telling the landowner that he would rot in hell if he decided to travel down the marker.

Thinking big was also evident in Mayes’ vision of placing markers around the world and even on all nine known planets.

“I want to spread the word of God around the world and in the universe,” he says. “I know there is life out there (on other planets) and they need to be saved too.”

MAYES NAMED each of his five sons after continents, and persuaded her to name his 18 grandchildren and 18 great-grandchildren after planets (Venus, Mercury, Pluto, etc.)—even naming one “Planet X,” for “any new planet of the could be discovered”.

“The way we envision it,” Mayes said, “each of the kids is responsible for putting up signs on the planets they are named after. I think interplanar spaceflight will be pretty common by 2020, so I’m just planning ahead.”

— The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Kentucky, Sun, Oct 14, 1973 · Page 77

So many of his markers include the prompt Erect in (Country or Planet) 1990-5, and even his modified bike indicated that Mayes was serious about the planetary excursion.

Mayes was not outspoken about premarital sex or contraception, as some signs indicate. At the same time, he was an early proponent of marriage between black and white Americans, and otherwise not as fanatical as one might think given his missionary work.

I’m not a crank at all

Henry Harrison Mayes

In 1975, he had to give up the hard physical work because of his age, but not his urge to send “the good news” to the world. He and his wife focused on placing messages in whiskey bottles and putting them in the water cycle that washed up on stalls here and there around the world.

Message in a bottle has always been a part of the work of Mayes and his wife, Mary Lillie. In this way they hoped to get their message behind the Iron Curtain. To do this, they sent 4 bottles to the head of the Istanbul post office with a request to put them in the Bosphorus, not counting on the current flowing away from the Soviet Union, not in it. However, the package was returned, presumably because no one could read the message in Turkish, written by “linguists” at Lincoln Memorial University.

Whether their plan to have bottles put into the Danube in Vienna worked out is not known, but they toyed with the idea 5 .

In 1988, Henry Harrison Mayes and his wife died. His remaining markers, as well as his wheel, signs, and artifacts were given to the Museum of Appalachia. Too many of its markers have fallen victim to road expansions, accidents, or simply decay over time. In his former sphere of activity, however, there are still traces of “God’s sign painter” to be discovered. His house is still standing albeit without the inscription on the roof, the lighted cross in the mountains above the town is still operational and a self-published book was published 6

The meaning of the initials PAE came to light 10 years later after opening a time capsule created by Mayes: Planetary Aviation Evangelist was Mayes’ secret and sacred name.


This is a Work-In-Progress and I hope to put as much markers on a virtual map as Harrison Mayes put real markers into the world. I’m sure I’m failing, but who knows, maybe one day there is a way, to put marker on to the google moon map 🙂

Thanks to The Carpetbagger, who created the most extensive collection of markers on the open internet, 10 years ago. His work helped me a lot. Thanks to Chris Hocker of the Strange Carolinas Blog who added the coordinates to some markers so I didn’t need to spend hours driving around in Google Streetview.

Thanks to everyone I didn’t credit (yet) and whose photos I used without asking. I hope you find this a wothwhile involuntary contribution. Of course I will credit you or even remove your photo. Just let me know.